Tibet is located to the north-east of Asia, it mainly is a plateau region in Asia. To the world Tibet is often referred to as “Roof of the World”, due to its highest region on earth, with an average elevation of 4900 meters. Tibet, the roof of the world had remained a forbidden land for the outsiders for most part of the last century. lying across the Himalayas ranges, Tibet was traditionally headed by the spiritual rules known as the Dalai lamas until 1965, when the country was annexed as the autonomous region of china.
Why Visit Tibet
1 Potala Palace
Potala and Norbulingka are the world`s heritage sites and also the residences of the Dalai Lama since 7th century. Potala symbolises Tibetan Buddhism and central Tibetan administartion. It is loacted at an altitude of 3700 meters. The White Palace contains the main ceremonial hall with the throne of the Dalai Lama. The Plalace also contains 698 murals, almost 10000 painted scrolls, numerious sculptures, carpets, canopies. Porcelain, jade and fine objects of gold and silver and large collections of sutras and important historical documents.
2 The Jokhang Monastery
It was founded by the regime in the 7th century mainly to promote the Buddhist religion.The Temple resembles the outstanding Tibatan Buddhist architectures build of wood and stones. Temple houses over 3000 images of Buddha and other dieties and historical figures with many manuscripts and treasures.
The Dalai Lama`s former palace constructed in the 18th century’s located on the bank of Lhasa river. The Palace is layout to create exceptional work of art and closely linked with religious and political issues. Today, the numerous Temples and Monasteries can be found which are of great significant in Tibetan Buddhism.
4. Rich Culture and Tradition
The culture in Tibet is developed due to its geographical and climatic condition. Buddhism has exerted a particularly stray influence on Tibatan culture sinceits introduction in the 7th century. Art. Literature, and music all contain elements of the prevailing Buddhist beliefs. The unique Tibetan costumes made of Yak and Sheep`s wool were woven and are dressed to protect form the extreme cold. The staple diet of Tibetan people includes Wheat, Buckwheat, and Barley. They are the nomadic people, solely depend its livelyhood on herding Yak, Sheeps and Goat.
Tibetan Festivals such as Losar(New year), Shoton, the Bathing festivals and many more are deeply rooted from indegenous religion and foreign influences. The Festivals are source of entertainment specially Yak racing. The numerious festivals are being performed such as Music, Dance, Street music and Shodun. Mask Dances were being performed to glorify the great Lamas or teacher in religious belief, at the sametime to celebrate the victory of good over evil instincts.
The national beverage is butter tea, it fits the needs of human body in the high altitudes. Momos(Tibatan Clumplings) are dishes. Balep serves as bread for break fast and lunch. The meat dishes are likely to be Yak, Goat, or mutton, often dried, or cooked into a spicy stew with potatoes. In bigger cities and towns today serve Sichuan- style Chinese food. Western imports and fusion dishes, such as fried Yak and chips.
Tibatan Architecture has features though it contains Chinese and Indian influences. It is unique due to high altitude place. Arid and cold climatic conditions. The construction materials are embellished with Buddhist symbols. Foe example, each and every house has a prayer flag on the roof.
The religious structures has two main types: temples, which are for religious ceremony and worship and Stupas(Chorten), which are reliquaries and symbols. Temples are in variety of styles, reflecting local architectural traditions. Chortens can vary in size and shape sepending upon religious beliefs. Some Chortens are roundish where as southern part build four sided walls.
Typically Tibetan structures are constructed of natural materials such as stone, clay and wood. In southern part of the country, the flat structure roof is being used where rainfall is at minimal, slopping roofs for western and central parts. In the past, windows featured paper-covered wooden latticework, but nowadays almost universally use glass.